About Ann Dent

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The Annals of Dentistry University of Malaya is published annually as the official journal of the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. As a general guideline, articles intended for publication in the following year should be received by the Editor by the end of December of the preceding year. Original research articles and critical reviews, pertaining to dentistry and its allied fields will be considered for publication at the discretion of the editors. Articles will be refereed independently by at least two referees. Contributions from all sources including from international contributors are welcomed. The following guidelines must be strictly adhered to by intending contributors.

General Instructions 
All contributions must be in English (Concise Oxford Dictionary). Authors should submit three copies of the manuscripts (one original and two copies) along with three sets of illustrations and figures. The submitted manuscripts must be accompanied by a covering letter which includes: (a) information on prior or duplicate publication or submission elsewhere of any part of the work, (b) the name, address, telephone number and e-mail address of the corresponding author responsible for communicating with other authors regarding revisions and final approval of the proofs, and (c) whether the author(s) are willing to meet the cost of reproducing colour illustrations (if any). The author who sends the article is responsible, in obtaining all the authors agreement to publish and include in the letter a statement "I am submitting this paper, which has been approved by all authors". The manuscript must also be accompanied by a letter of permission to reproduce published material' or to use illustrations other than the authors of the manuscript submitted. The editorial board reserves the right to edit all manuscripts for conciseness, clarity and stylistic consistency. Manuscripts are refereed anonymously. Authors must keep copies of manuscripts sent.

Address all correspondence to: The Editor, Annals of Dentistry University of Malaya, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Please include your e-mail address.

Summary of Requirement 
Type the manuscript on white bond paper, 216 by 279 mm or ISO A4 (212mm by 279mm), with margins of at lease 25mm. Type only on one side of the paper. Use double spacing throughout. Number pages consecutively beginning with the title page. Type the page number in the upper right hand corner of each page. Each manuscrpit component should begin on a new page in the following sequence: Title page Abstract, Keyword & Running title Text & Acknowledgements References Tables Illustrations

Title Page 
This should carry: (1) Title of the article which should be concise but informative, ( 2) Initials and last name of each author, (3) Institutional affiliation, (4) Name of department and institution should be clearly stated, (5) Name, postal address, telephone number and e-mail address of corresponding author.

Abstract, Keywords & Running Title 
The second page should carry an abstract of not more than 300 words and should state the purpose of the study or investigation, basic procedures, main findings and principal conclusions. Below the abstract, Provide and identify in not more than 10 words the key issues of the articles. Also, include a short running title at the bottom of the page.

The main text should include: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements (if any) and References, in that order respectively.

Begin with a concise introduction by outlining the purpose of the research and making reference to previous relevant publications. Mention any limitation or gap in existing knowledge related to the study in question. Do not review the subject extensively and do not include data or conclusion from the work reported

Materials and Method 
Describe precisely the materials/subjects used. Identify the methods, apparatus and procedures used in sufficient detail so as to allow other workers to replicate the study. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods. Provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known. Describe new or modified methods and give reasons for using them and evaluate their limitations. Identify all drugs and chemicals used including generic names, dose and route of administration.

Present results in a logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables and illustrations. Emphasise or summarise only important observations. Specify statistical methods used to analyse results and describe them with sufficient detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to original data to analyse results.

Emphasise the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusion that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail, data or other materials, given in Introduction or Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implication of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies.

Link the conclusions to the goal of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not supported by your data.

Acknowledgements where applicable should be included at the end of the text. This should be kept to a minimum.

References should be carefully checked, as their accuracy is the responsibility of the author(s). In the text, references should be numbered sequentially in order of citation by bracketed numerals, ego (1,3-6). The reference list must be attached at the end of the paper using the following format:

1) Master M, Barber TK. Action of amalgam on dentin. J Am Dent Assoc 1980; 47: 415-22. 2) Murray AJ, Nanos JA, Fontenot RE. Compressive strength of glass ionomer with and without silver alloy. J Dent Res (Abstract no: 215) 1986; 65: 193. 3) Kato Y, Okawa A, Hayashi S, et al. Studies on marginal leakage of composite resin restorations. Part 2: On the leakage properties of various composite resin restorations. Jpn J Conserv Dent 1976; 19: 281-9. 4) Klineberg IJ, Murray GM. Design of superstructures for osseointegrated fixtures. Swed Dent J 1985; 28(Suppl): 63-9. 5) Lincks J, Boyan BD, Cochran DL, Liu Y, Blanchard C, Dean DD, Schwartz Z. MG63 cells discriminate between surface roughness and material composition. J Dent Res (Abstract no: 1123) 1998; 77 (Special issue A): 246.

Books, Monographs and Agency Publications 
Book - Chapter in a book: 1) Zinner ID. Esthetic considerations in restorative dentistry. In Seide LJ, ed. A dynamic approach to restorative dentistry. 1st edn. Chicago, w.B. Saunders Company 1980; pp. 520-58. Book - personal author/s: 2) Gutmann J, Harrison Jw. Surgical Endodontics, 1 st edn. Boston, Blackwell Scientific Publications 1991. Monograph - Book Proceeding: 3) DuPont B. Bone marrow transplantation in severe combined immunodeficiency with an unrelated MLC compatible donor. In: White HJ, Smith R, eds. Proceedings of the third Annual Meeting of the International Society for Experimental Hematology 1974; pp. 44-6. Monograph - thesis/dissertation: 4) Tay WM. Physico-chemical properties of alumino silicate based dental cements. University of London, 1988. PhD. thesis. Agency publication: 5) Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, Raymond L, Young J. Cancer Incidence in five continents. Volume VII, International Agency for Research on Cancer: Lyon. IARC Scientific Publication No 143. 1997.

Each table should be typed on a separate sheet, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (eg. Table 4) and titled with a descriptive but concise heading. Explanatory notes if any should be placed below the table.

All graphs, drawings and photographs are considered figures which must be of good quality usually 127 by 173mm (5 by 7 ins) but not larger than 203 by 254mm (8 by 10 ins). Submit 3 copies in a heavy-paper envelope. Authors must keep copies of everything submitted. At the back of each illustration, label the appropriate Figure number corresponding to the order of appearance as cited in the Text. Use a soft pencil to indicate the top of the illustration and lightly write in the running title. The author's name should not be added. Original drawings, figures, charts and graphs should be professionally drawn and lettered large enough to be read after reduction. High quality computer generated line diagrams or glossy prints are also acceptable. Photographs in general should be clear black-and-white prints on glossy paper. Colour illustrations may be submitted if they contribute to the value of the article but the full cost of printing must be borne by the author(s). Prints of radiographs should be sharp and clear. Photomicrographs must include a scale and magnification should be clear. Consent must be submitted with the manuscript.

Each figure must have a legend that is clear without reference to the text. All legends should be typed on a single sheet with the corresponding figure number clearly indicated.

Figures and Tables in the text 
Figures and tables should be spelt out in full when referred to in the text e.g. Figure 2 or Table 3.
Last update: 07-12-11