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Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences

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Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences


Discipline(s) / Subdiscipline(s):

     1. Engineering & Technology
         - Engineering

E-ISSN: 2231-8380
Print ISSN: 2289-4659
Publisher: Universiti Malaysia Pahang
Publication type: Print & Electronic
Publication frequency: 2 time(s) per year
Journal Website: http://jmes.ump.edu.my/

Contact Info

Dr. Muhamad Mat Noor
Journal of Mechanical Engineering & Sciences (JMES)
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Universiti Malaysia Pahang
26600, Pekan

Phone : 09-4246239 / 09-4242246
Fax : 09-4246222 / 09-4242202

Email: jmes2011@gmail.com / jmes@ump.edu.my / muhamad@ump.edu.my

The Journal on Mechanical Engineering & Sciences (JMES) is an open access peer review journal which publishes original and review articles that advance the understanding of both the fundamentals of engineering science and its application to the solution of challenges and problems in mechanical engineering systems, machines and components. It is particularly concerned with the demonstration of engineering science solutions to specific industrial problems. Original contributions providing insight into the use of analytical, computational modeling, structural mechanics, metal forming, behaviour and application of advanced materials, impact mechanics, strain localization and other effects of nonlinearity, fluid mechanics, robotics, tribology, thermodynamics and materials processing generally from the core of the journal contents are encouraged. Only original, innovative and novel papers will be considered for publication in the JMES. The authors are required to confirm that their paper has not been submitted to any other journal in English or any other language. The JMES welcome contributions from all who wishes to report on new developments and latest findings in mechanical engineering.


- Computation and Experimental Mechanics
- Dynamics, Vibration and Sound
- Engineering Materials and Technology
- Fluids Engineering
- Structural Modeling and Design
- Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
- Robotics and Control
- Thermal and Power Engineering

Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences



Dr. Muhamad Mat Noor
Professor Dr. Md. Mustafizur Rahman

Editorial Board


Professor Dr. Debes Bhattacharyya
Professor Dr. Duc Truong Pham
Professor Dr. Liyong Tong
Professor Dr. Bernard Hon
Professor Dr. Pean Yue Ben Jar
Professor Dr. Korada Viswanatha Sharma
Professor Dr. Ahmed Al-Jumaily
Professor Dr. Ching Kong Chao
Professor Dr. Md. Abdul Maleque
Professor Dr. Hasan M. Badr
Professor Dr. Chew Yong Tian
Professor Dr. Navdeep Malhotra
Professor Dr. Md Razali Ayob
Professor Dr. Talal Yusaf
Associate Professor Dr. Md. Maksudur Rahman Khan
Associate Professor Dr. Mahadzir Ishak

Dr. Ftwi Yohaness Hagos
Dr. Mohd Ruzaimi Mohd Rejab



Manuscript Preparation
These instructions are written in a form that satisfies all of the formatting requirements for the author manuscript. Please use them as a template in preparing your manuscript. Authors must take special care to follow these instructions concerning margins. The basic instructions are simple:

- Manuscript shall be formatted for an A4 size page.
- The top and left margins shall be 30 mm.
- The bottom and right margins shall be 25 mm.
- The text shall have both the left and right margins justified.

The manuscript should be organized in the following order: Title of the paper, Authors' names and affiliation, Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Body of the paper (in sequential headings), Conclusion, Acknowledgements (where applicable), References, and Appendices (where applicable).

A. The Title

The title is centered on the page and is CAPITALIZED AND SET IN BOLDFACE (font size 16 pt). It should adequately describe the content of the paper. An abbreviated title of less than 60 characters (including spaces) should also be suggested.

B. Author’s Name and Affiliation

The author's name(s) follows the title and is also centered on the page (font size 12 pt). A blank line is required between the title and the author's name(s). Last names should be spelled out in full and succeeded by author's initials. The author's affiliation, complete mailing address, and e-mail address (all in font size 12 pt) are provided below. Phone and fax numbers do not appear.

C. Abstract

A nonmathematical abstract, not exceeding 200 words, is required for all papers. It should be an abbreviated, accurate presentation of the contents of the paper. It should contain sufficient information to enable readers to decide whether they should obtain and read the entire paper. Do not cite references in the abstract.

D. Key Words

The author should provide a list of three to five key words that clearly describe the subject matter of the paper.

E. Text Layout

The manuscript must be typed single spacing. Use extra line spacing between equations, illustrations, figures and tables. The body of the text should be prepared using Times New Roman. The font size used for preparation of the manuscript must be 12 points. The first paragraph following a heading should not be indented. The following paragraphs must be indented 10 mm. Note that there is no line spacing between paragraphs unless a subheading is used. Symbols for physical quantities in the text should be written in italics.

F. Section headings

Section headings should be typed centered on the page and in capital letters only. The type, fonts and style above (Times New Roman 12 point bold) are an example of a section heading. Do not underline section headings. A bold font should be used for section headings. The headings should be numbered.

G. Subheadings

Subheadings should be positioned at the left margin, in a bold-faced font the same size as the main text (Times New Roman 12 point) with single line spacing above and below. The first letter of each word in the subheading should be capitalized.

H. Sub-subheadings

Sub-subheadings should be typed using italic font the same size as that used for the body of the text (Times New Roman 12 point italics). Only the first letter in the subheading should be capitalized. Note that a blank line precedes and follows the subheading.

I. Equations and Mathematical Expressions

Equation numbers should appear in parentheses and be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear on the right-hand side of the equation and should be referred to within the text. Two different types of styles can be used for equations and mathematical expressions. They are:
In-line style
Display style

In-line style
In-line equations/expressions are embedded in paragraphs of the text. For example, E = mc2 . In-line equations should not be numbered.

Display style
Equations in display format are separated from the paragraphs of text. They should be flushed to the centered of the column.

Fractional powers should be used instead of root signs. A slash (/) should be used instead of a horizontal line for fractions, whenever possible; for example, use 2/3 for two-thirds. Refer to equations in the text as " Eq.(1)" or, if at the beginning of a sentence, as " Equation (1)". Vectors should be typed boldface. Do not use arrows, wavy-line underscoring, etc.

J. Figures and Tables

Figures (diagrams and photographs) should be numbered consecutively using arabic numbers. They should be placed in the text soon after the point where they are referenced. Figures should be centered in a column and should have a figure caption placed underneath. Captions should be centered in the column, in the format “Figure 1” and are in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Figure" is used Illustrations must be submitted in digital format, with a good resolution. Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, "Table" with the proper number is used. Captions should be centered in the column, in the format “Table 1” and are in upper and lower case letters. Tables are numbered consecutively and independently of any figures. All figures and tables must be incorporated into the text (in Portrait orientation).

K. Units

The use of SI units is strongly recommended and mixed units are to be avoided.

L. Conclusion

A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations and possible applications of the paper. Discuss about future work.

M. Acknowledgements

An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired. Individuals or units other than authors who were of direct help in the work could be acknowledged by a brief statement following the text.

N. References

The Harvard System of references is to be used. In the body of the text a paper is to be referred to by the author’s surname with the year of publication in parentheses. References should be listed together at the end of the paper in alphabetical order by author’s surname. List of references indent 10 mm from the second line of each references. Personal communications and unpublished data are not acceptable references.

Journal Papers

Surname1, Initials; Surname2, Initials and Surname3, Initials. year. Title. Journal Name, volume( number): pages, doi: number (if existent)

Mohammadi, A.; Shioji, M.; Nakai, Y.; Ishikura, W. and Tabo, E. 2007. Performance and combustion characteristics of a direct injection SI hydrogen engine. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32: 296-304. doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.06.005
Rahman, M.M. and Ariffin, A.K. 2006. Effects of surface finish and treatment on the fatigue behaviour of vibrating cylinder block using frequency response approach. Journal of Zhejiang University of Science A.7(3): 352-360. doi: 10.1631/jzus.2006.A0352

Journal titles should not be abbreviated. Note that journal title is set in italics.


Surname1, Initials and Surname2, Initials. year. Title. Edition (if existent). Place of publication: Publisher

Juvinall, R.C. and Marshek, K.M. 2000. Fundamentals of machine component design. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Stephens, R.I.; Fatemi, A.; Stephens, R.R. and Fuchs, H.O. 2000. Metal fatigue in engineering. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Note that the title of the book is italicized and sentence case.

Chapters in Books

Surname1, Initials; Surname2, Initials. Year. Chapter title, Book title. editor(s) of book, Edition (if existent). Place of publication: publisher, pages

Barky, M.E. and Zhang, S. 2005. Fatigue spot welds. Fatigue testing and analysis. Lee et al. (Eds.). New York: Butterworth Heinrahmanemann, 285-311.

Note that the title of the book is italicized and sentence case.

Proceedings Papers

Surname1, Initials; Surname2, Initials and Surname3, Initials. Year. Paper title. Proceedings title, Pages.

Rahman, M.M.; Bakar, R. A.; Sani, M.S.M. and Noor, M.M. 2008. Investigation into surface treatment on fatigue life for cylinder block of linear engine using frequency response approach. 15th International Congress on Sound and Vibrations, 2119-2127


Surname, Initials or Company name. Title. http://address, date of access

Felippa, C.A. Advanced finite element methods. http:// caswww. colorado.edu /courses.d /AFM.d /Home.html, accessed on 21-04-2008

Rockwell Automation. Arena. http://www.arenasimulation.com, accessed on 13-01-2009

Submission Checklist
It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the Editor. Ensure that the following items are present:

- One Author designated as corresponding Author:
- E-mail address
- Full postal address
- Telephone and fax numbers
- All necessary files have been uploaded
- Keywords
- All figure captions
- All tables (including title, description, footnotes)


- Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked"
- References are in the correct format for this journal
- All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
- Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources

Manuscript Submission

Authors are encouraged to submit their manuscript through online submission at http://jmes.ump.edu.my or send to jmes2011@gmail.com; jmes@ump.edu.my. The electronic manuscript shall be prepared in accordance to the “Manuscript Preparation Guide”. All submissions will be subjected to a review process by the respective panel of experts. Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
  Journal Coverage

Indexed by MyJurnal (2015)
H-Index 11
Immediacy Index 0.222
Rank 2/13,Q1(Engineering & Technology)
Indexed by Scopus (SCImago Journal Ranking 2015)
Impact Factor 0
Rank Computational Mechanics- Q3- Energy Engineering and Power Technology- Q2- Fuel Technology- Q3- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering- Q2- Mechanical Engineering- Q3- Mechanics of Materials- Q3
Additional Information 0.318 (SJR)

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