Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zulkefly Abdul Karim (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia)
Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia publishes original research articles as well as short notes, comments and book reviews on all aspects of economics, particularly those pertaining to the developing economies. Articles are published in both English and Malay.
Manuscript submitted to the journal for publication should be original contribution and must not have been previously published or is under consideration simultaneously by any other publication.
Please send a copy of your manuscript and a cover letter to the Editor in Chief via email: email@example.com.
Format and Style
Please refer to the format and style guidelines below when writing your manuscript.
Title of the Paper (16pt Times New Roman, Bold, Centered)
AUTHORS' NAMES (Capital, 12pt Times New Roman, centered)
Department (12pt Times New Roman, centered)
University (12pt Times New Roman, centered)
Address (12pt Times New Roman, centered)
COUNTRY (Capital, 12pt Times New Roman, centered)
email firstname.lastname@example.org(12pt Times New Roman, centered)
This is a sample of the format of your paper. A minimum of 10 A4-sized pages (21 x 29 cm) pages with top and bottom margins of 2.5 cm and left and right margins of 1.8 cm. Use single space. Use 11 pt size Times New Roman throughout the paper except for the headlines.
Key Words: Leave one blank line after the Abstract and write your Key-Words (max 5)
INTRODUCTION – (14pt Times New Roman)
Body of the text should be in 11pt Times New Roman. The heading of each section should be printed in small, 14pt, left justified, bold, Times New Roman. You must use numbers 1, 2, 3, … for the sections'numbering and not Latin numbering (I, II, III, …)
Please, leave two blank lines between successive sections as here.
Mathematical Equations must be numbered as follows: (1), (2), …, (n) and not (1.1), (1.2),…, (2.1), (2.2),…depending on your various Sections.
When including a subsection you must use, for its heading, small letters, 12pt, left justified, bold, Times New Roman as here.
When including a sub-subsection you must use, for its heading, small letters, 11pt, left justified, bold, Times New Roman as here.
Figures and Tables should be numbered as follows: FIGURE 1:, FIGURE 2: … etc TABLE 1:, TABLE 2:, ….etc.
Please, follow our instructions faithfully, otherwise you have to resubmit your full paper.
Use 11 pt size Times New Roman, APA Style for all book, journal, proceeding, etc citation.
1. Book with one author
Rosenthal, R. (1987). Meta-analytic procedures for social research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage
2. Book with two to five authors.
Beck, C.A.J., & Sales, B.D. (2001). Family mediation: Facts, myths, and future prospects. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
3. Book with six or more authors
Nierenberg, E., Brodshaug, A.G., Hagen, K., Saeta, E.R., Backmark, L., Hermansson, E.L., et al. (2009). The Library: A Place to learn. Oslo: Universitetsforl.
Write the names of the first six authors, followed by et al. if there are more than six.
4. Book with several editions.
Ray, E.T. (2003). Learning XML (2nd ed.). Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly
When referring to a book’s first edition, only write the year. For later editions, the edition number must be included.
There is a difference between a printing and an edition. “3rd edition” means that the text has been changed since the second edition. “3rd print” only means that it has been printed up for the third time. This is not included in the reference.
B) Author has published several works in the same year
Dahl, W. (1995a). Heart, pain, blood and death. Bergen: Anna.
Dahl, W. (1995b). Style and structure. Bergen: Eide.
C) Chapter in book with editor
Sleeter, C.E. (1995). Radical structuralist perspectives and learning disabilities.In Skrtic, T.M. (Ed.). (1995). Disability and democracy: Reconstructing (special) education for postmodernity (pp. 153-165). New York: Teachers College.
Chapter author and chapter title are written first, then the editor(s) and book title ( in italics). The reference to the book begins with In.
D) No author
College bound seniors: Making the choice. (1993). New York: McGraw-Hill.
The title is written in the author’s place if the book has no aothor.
E) Electronic book (E-book)
1. Book with named author(s) :
Dickerson, A.B. (2004). Kant on representation and objectivity. Retrieved from Ebrary database.
2. Chapter in book with editor(s):
Fombonne, E. (2006). Epidemiology of Pervasive Development Disoders. In J.M. Perez & C. Niesto (Eds.), New Developments in Autism: The Future is Today (pp. 14-32). Retrieved from Ebrary database.
Write (Eds.) when there are several editors.
1. With one author
Friscolanti, M. (2009). Lean, green war machine. Maclean’s, 121(51), 35-36.
The title of the journal (not the article) is in italics. Volume in italics. Issue in parentheses, and not in italics. Write page numbers(s) for the entire article.
2. With several authors
The title of the journal (not the article) in italics.
Deutsch, F.M., Lussier, J.B., & Servis, L.J. (1993). Husbands at home. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 115-117.
For articles with up to six authors, write all names. For articles with seven or more authors, write the first six names followed by et al.
G) Brochure, corporate author
Resesarch and Training Center on Independent Living. (2003). Guidelines for reporting and writing about people with disabilities (6th ed.) [Brochure]. Lawrence, KS: Author.
The complete name is written in the bibliographt. In brackets, identify the publication as a brochure. The publisher is also the author.
1. Printed encyclopedia:
Bergmann, P.G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
Write page numbers for encyclopedia articles. If there are several volumes, write volume number or name.
2. Electronic encyclopedia:
Beyer, E. (2006). Wergeland, Henrik (Arnold). In Store Norske Leksikon. Localized 8. December 2008, on http://www.snl.no
Write the URL of the encyclopedia’s home page, not of the article.
1. Printed dictionary:
Sadie, S. (Ed.). (1980). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (6th ed., Vols. 1-20). London: Macmillan.
For reference works with a large editorial board, list the name of the lead editor, followed by et al.
2. Electronic dictionary:
Intellectual property. (s.a). I Stor engelsnorsk ordbok. Localized 8. October 2008, pa http://www.ordnett.no
Date localized is necessary when content may be changed/updated.
Write the URL for the dictionary’s home page.
J) Master’s theses and doctoral dissertations (unpublished)
Wilfley, D.E. (1989). Interpersonal analyses of bulimia: Normal-weight and obese. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia.
K) Proceeding of Meetings and Symposia
Crawford, G.I. (1965). Oxygen in metals. In J. Lenihan & S.J. Thomson (Eds.), Activation analysisi: Principles and applications: Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Glasgow (pp. 113-118). London: Academic Press.
L) Technical and research reports
1. Printed source:
Odbher, L., Heia, M., Haugen, A.R., & Sandvold, T. (2008). Jo bedre vi er sammen. Ottestadmodellen – bryet verdt? (Hedmark University college Report no. 8, 2008). Elverum: Hedmark University College.
2. Electronic source:
Bakken, A., borg, E., Backe-Hansen, E. & Hegna, K. (2008). Er det skolens skyld? Norwegian Social Research (NOVA Report 4, 2008). Retrieved from
It is unnecessary to write date localized because the content will not change.
M) Government Report
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1676). Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
N) Legislation (statue/act/law)
Mental Health System Act, 42 U.S.C.§ 9401 (1988).
Use the same title as used in the in-text citation.
Include the source and section number of the statute, and in parentheses give the publication date of the statutory compilation, which may be different from the year in the name of the act.
O) Newspaper article
1. Printed newspaper:
Schwartz, J. (2005, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4-A5.
If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers with a comma.
2. Online newspaper:
Nagourney, A., & Bumiller, E. (2008, September 25). McCain leaps into a thicket. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
1. From electronic database, with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Safran, S.P. (2008). Why Youngsters with Autistic Spectrum Disorders Remain Underrepresented in Special Education. Remedial and Special Education, 29(2), 90-95. Doi: 10.1177/0741932507311637
Do not write the name of the database or URL because the DOI is a specific identifier and link to content when written in the address line of a browser.
Do not write date localized because the reference is for the final version of the article.
2. From electronic database, without DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Steinbok, P. (2008). Operative management of growing skull fractures. Child’s Nervous System, 24(5), 605-607. Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com
Write complete URL if content is freely available (open access). Write URL of the journal’s home page if avaiable by subscription.
Do not write date localized because the reference is for the final version of the article.
3. From online journal (not in database)
Nordby, H. (2006). When answer aren’t obvious. Nursing (13). Localized 15. February 2008, pa http://ww.sykepleien.no article.php?articleID=2831&categoryID=27
Write the complete URL.
Date locolized is necessary when content may be changed/updated.
Information architecture. (s.a). Localized 29. December 2008, on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/InformationArchitecture
If no date is given, write (s.a.). Date localized is written when it is probable that the content will change. Write complete URL.
Sources of APA Style:
1. APA Style. (s.a.). Localized 18. November 2011, on APA Style: http://www.apastyle.org/
At the end of you paper, please include all author(s) address
School of Economics
Faculty of Economics and Management
University Kebangsaan Malaysia
43600 Bangi, Selangor
It is the author's responsibility to ensure that the submitted work does not infringe any existing copyright. Authors should obtain permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and provide evidence of approval upon submitting the final version of a manuscript.